|WWW.8BIT-MICRO.COM ONLINE VINTAGE COMPUTER MAGAZINE|
The BBS: Patriarch of the World Wide Web - by Brian K. Hahn
The beginning of the World Wide Web is not easy to map. One could say that it's origins have to believed
by faith much as our understanding of our own creation. But if you had to put your finger on where it
began one could point to the CBBS created by Ward Christensen and Randy Seuss from Chicago, IL, USA.
Yes, the US government or branches thereof did have a network working between military branches for the
purpose of 'government' business which was a closed system, but computer communications as we know
it today is supported by you and me, the average user. The electronic BBS was the chain of computers that
empowered the small guy to share information, views and news and spawned a software industry that has
made many rich today.
A physicist, Christensen a mainframe programmer by
profession, was an electronics enthusiast and as many
practiced his art in his spare time. This hobby culminated into
an interest in the very early computers of the day and by the
mid to late 70's he wrote programs and routines that allowed
mainframes to transfer data using telephone lines. His first
program was apply named, "MODEM" Short for the real term
MOdulation - DEModulation.
Ward Christensen and his friend Randy Seuss lived in Chicago
and in 1978 during a cold winter the two began to work on a
digital project that had been on their minds. Working with digital electronics the two devised a simple
computer communications system (pictured above) Christensen wrote the software and Seuss built the
hardware. Together they built the worlds first Computerized Bulletin Board System (CBBS).
The switch was finally turned on in 1979, and the rest is history. By that time the WWW had revolutionized
what those two had a hand in pioneering, there were over 90,000 BBS systems in the USA and over 10,000
in Canada alone.
The men and women who jumped on the bandwagon and started their own system were known as "System
Operators" and their online handles were the SysOp. These people would install, build, tweak and tweak a
labour of love. Thousands of telephone calls would tear across the phone lines daily, and the average user
database of the day was well over 1000 names. The real beauty if these systems were that for the most
part it was FREE. The computers, modems, electricity and time were all donated by the SysOps. The
beneficiaries being the fans of the home computer.
In 1984 I entered the fray and with my $3000.00 Tandy 1000 PC running MS-DOS 2.11 and Wildcat! I
turned on and watched. My system was developed as the Tandy Computer Support Group (T.C.S.G.) The
city was Camrose, Alberta with a whopping population of just 11,000 people. In no more then 30 days I
had a user database of over 200 users, and many calling from as far south as Florida, to as far north as
Alaska. My system ran for almost 10 years providing shareware programs, messaging, news reports,
weather reports, Tandy Computer Support and DOORS (Online Games) The TCSG BBS accumulated over
1200 users, and over 800 shareware program many of these original programs by local enthusiasts. The
last caller was in 1994, I just turned off the switch. The World Wide Web had taken over.
(c) 2004, 2005, Brian K. Hahn
All Rights Reserved.